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Darwin Core Terms: A quick reference guide

Title: Darwin Core Terms: A quick reference guide
Date Issued: 2009-02-12
Date Modified: 2014-12-05
Abstract: This document is a quick reference for all recommended Darwin Core terms. For complete historical term information, including version changes and pre-standard terms, see [HISTORY]. For a comparative table of elements from pre-standard versions of Darwin Core to the current terms in the standard, see [VERSIONS].
Contributors: John Wieczorek (MVZ), Markus Döring (GBIF), Renato De Giovanni (CRIA), Tim Robertson (GBIF), Dave Vieglais (KUNHM)
Legal: This document is governed by the standard legal, copyright, licensing provisions and disclaimers issued by the Taxonomic Databases Working Group.
Part of TDWG Standard: http://www.tdwg.org/standards/450/
Creator: Darwin Core Task Group
Identifier: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/2014-11-08/terms/
Latest Version: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
Replaces: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/2013-10-22/terms/
Document Status: Current Standard

1. Term Index

Audience: This document is targeted toward those who need a reference (lists and definitions) to the essential information about the current recommended Darwin Core terms.

This quick guide provides a list of all current terms of the Darwin core. The terms are organized by categories (in bold) in the index. The categories correspond to Darwin Core terms that are classes (terms that have other terms to describe them). The terms that describe a given class (the class properties) appear in the list immediately below the name of the category in the index. The index provides links to the term descriptions in the table below the index.

Names that begin with dcterms: are terms managed by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative [DCMI], which are reproduced here and which may include a description and comments adapted for the biodiversity community. The original definition of such terms can be found by following the link given in the Details section for the term.

Terms under the Record-level Terms section apply to the whole record regardless of the record type. For example, a record for a camera trap bird sighting would fall into the Dublin Core dcterms:type category StillImage and at the same time into the Darwin Core basisOfRecord category MachineObservation - a particular type of Occurrence, so the value of dcterms:type term for the record would be "StillImage" and the value of the basisOfRecord term would be "MachineObservation" to show which kind of Occurrence record it is. All of the rest of the record-level terms would apply to the Occurrence record.

The terms found under the Auxiliary Terms section can only be meaningfully implemented in an application that supports relational structures. For example, none of the auxiliary terms will be found in the specification of the Simple Darwin Core [SIMPLEDWC], which is "flat" in structure.


Record-level Terms

dcterms:type | dcterms:modified | dcterms:language | dcterms:license | dcterms:rightsHolder | dcterms:accessRights | dcterms:bibliographicCitation | dcterms:references

institutionID | collectionID | datasetID | institutionCode | collectionCode | datasetName | ownerInstitutionCode | basisOfRecord | informationWithheld | dataGeneralizations | dynamicProperties

Occurrence

occurrenceID | catalogNumber | recordNumber | recordedBy | individualCount | sex | lifeStage | reproductiveCondition | behavior | establishmentMeans | occurrenceStatus | preparations | disposition | associatedMedia | associatedReferences | associatedSequences | associatedTaxa | otherCatalogNumbers | occurrenceRemarks

Organism

organismID | organismName | organismScope | associatedOccurrences | associatedOrganisms | previousIdentifications | organismRemarks

MaterialSample | LivingSpecimen | PreservedSpecimen | FossilSpecimen

materialSampleID

Event | HumanObservation | MachineObservation

eventID | fieldNumber | eventDate | eventTime | startDayOfYear | endDayOfYear | year | month | day | verbatimEventDate | habitat | samplingProtocol | samplingEffort | fieldNotes | eventRemarks

Location

locationID | higherGeographyID | higherGeography | continent | waterBody | islandGroup | island | country | countryCode | stateProvince | county | municipality | locality | verbatimLocality | minimumElevationInMeters | maximumElevationInMeters | verbatimElevation | minimumDepthInMeters | maximumDepthInMeters | verbatimDepth | minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | locationAccordingTo | locationRemarks | decimalLatitude | decimalLongitude | geodeticDatum | coordinateUncertaintyInMeters | coordinatePrecision | pointRadiusSpatialFit | verbatimCoordinates | verbatimLatitude | verbatimLongitude | verbatimCoordinateSystem | verbatimSRS | footprintWKT | footprintSRS | footprintSpatialFit | georeferencedBy | georeferencedDate | georeferenceProtocol | georeferenceSources | georeferenceVerificationStatus | georeferenceRemarks

GeologicalContext

geologicalContextID | earliestEonOrLowestEonothem | latestEonOrHighestEonothem | earliestEraOrLowestErathem | latestEraOrHighestErathem | earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem | latestPeriodOrHighestSystem | earliestEpochOrLowestSeries | latestEpochOrHighestSeries | earliestAgeOrLowestStage | latestAgeOrHighestStage | lowestBiostratigraphicZone | highestBiostratigraphicZone | lithostratigraphicTerms | group | formation | member | bed

Identification

identificationID | identificationQualifier | typeStatus | identifiedBy | dateIdentified | identificationReferences | identificationVerificationStatus | identificationRemarks

Taxon

taxonID | scientificNameID | acceptedNameUsageID | parentNameUsageID | originalNameUsageID | nameAccordingToID | namePublishedInID | taxonConceptID | scientificName | acceptedNameUsage | parentNameUsage | originalNameUsage | nameAccordingTo | namePublishedIn | namePublishedInYear | higherClassification | kingdom | phylum | class | order | family | genus | subgenus | specificEpithet | infraspecificEpithet | taxonRank | verbatimTaxonRank | scientificNameAuthorship | vernacularName | nomenclaturalCode | taxonomicStatus | nomenclaturalStatus | taxonRemarks

Auxiliary Terms

MeasurementOrFact

measurementID | measurementType | measurementValue | measurementAccuracy | measurementUnit | measurementDeterminedBy | measurementDeterminedDate | measurementMethod | measurementRemarks

ResourceRelationship

resourceRelationshipID | resourceID | relatedResourceID | relationshipOfResource | relationshipAccordingTo | relationshipEstablishedDate | relationshipRemarks

3. Term Definitions

The table below contains the term information essential for most users. The complete documentation for each term can be found by following the link in the Detailssection of the description. The link takes you to the appropriate entry in the Complete History[HISTORY] document. The definitions for the fields describing each term are:
Term Name: The name by which the latest version of the term is commonly known.
Identifier: The unique identifier for the latest version of the term.
Class: The primary category of terms (Class) that this term describes.
Definition: A description of the nature of the content of the term.
Comment: Further commentary about the usage of the term, with examples and a reference to further information.
Details: A link to the complete information about the term, including access to its history.
Term Name: Occurrence
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Class:
Definition:An existence of an Organism (sensu http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism) at a particular place at a particular time.
Comment:Examples: A wolf pack on the shore of Kluane Lake in 1988. A virus in a plant leaf in a the New York Botanical Garden at 15:29 on 2014-10-23. A fungus in Central Park in the summer of 1929. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Occurrence
Details:Occurrence
Term Name: Organism
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Class:
Definition:A particular organism or defined group of organisms considered to be taxonomically homogeneous.
Comment:Instances of the Organism class are intended to facilitate linking of one or more Identification instances to one or more Occurrence instances. Therefore, things that are typically assigned scientific names (such as viruses, hybrids, and lichens) and aggregates whose occurrences are typically recorded (such as packs, clones, and colonies) are included in the scope of this class. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Organism
Details:Organism
Term Name: MaterialSample
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MaterialSample
Class:
Definition:A physical results of a sampling (or subsampling) event. In biological collections, the material sample is typically collected, and either preserved or destructively processed.
Comment:Examples: A whole organism preserved in a collection. A part of an organism isolated for some purpose. A soil sample. A marine microbial sample. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:MaterialSample
Details:MaterialSample
Term Name: LivingSpecimen
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/LivingSpecimen
Class:
Definition:A specimen that is alive.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:LivingSpecimen
Details:LivingSpecimen
Term Name: PreservedSpecimen
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/PreservedSpecimen
Class:
Definition:A specimen that has been preserved.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:PreservedSpecimen
Details:PreservedSpecimen
Term Name: FossilSpecimen
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/FossilSpecimen
Class:
Definition:A preserved specimen that is a fossil.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:FossilSpecimen
Details:FossilSpecimen
Term Name: Event
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Class:
Definition:An action that occurs at some location during some time.
Comment:Examples: A specimen collection process. A machine observation. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Event
Details:Event
Term Name: HumanObservation
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/HumanObservation
Class:
Definition:An output of a human observation process.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:HumanObservation
Details:HumanObservation
Term Name: MachineObservation
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MachineObservation
Class:
Definition:An output of a machine observation process.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:MachineObservation
Details:MachineObservation
Term Name: Location
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Class:
Definition:A spatial region or named place.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Location
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#Location-001, Location
Term Name: GeologicalContext
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Class:
Definition:Geological information, such as stratigraphy, that qualifies a region or place.
Comment:Example: A lithostratigraphic layer. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:GeologicalContext
Details:GeologicalContext
Term Name: Identification
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Class:
Definition:A taxonomic determination (e.g., the assignment to a taxon).
Comment:Example: A subspecies determination of an organism. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Identification
Details:Identification
Term Name: Taxon
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Class:
Definition:A group of organisms (sensu http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBI_0100026) considered by taxonomists to form a homogeneous unit.
Comment:Example: The genus Truncorotaloides as published by Brönnimann et al. in 1953 in the Journal of Paleontology Vol. 27(6) p. 817-820. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Taxon
Details:Taxon
Term Name: MeasurementOrFact
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Class:
Definition:A measurement of or fact about an rdfs:Resource (http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource).
Comment:Resources can be thought of as identifiable records or instances of classes and may include, but need not be limited to Occurrences, Organisms, MaterialSamples, Events, Locations, GeologicalContexts, Identifications, or Taxa. Examples: The weight of an organism in grams. The number of placental scars. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:MeasurementOrFact
Details:MeasurementOrFact
Term Name: ResourceRelationship
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Class:
Definition:A relationship of one rdfs:Resource (http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource) to anothe) to another.
Comment:Resources can be thought of as identifiable records or instances of classes and may include, but need not be limited to Occurrences, Organisms, MaterialSamples, Events, Locations, GeologicalContexts, Identifications, or Taxa. Example: An instance of an Organism is the mother of another instance of an Organism. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:ResourceRelationship
Details:ResourceRelationship
Term Name: dcterms:type
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/type
Class:all
Definition:The nature or genre of the resource. For Darwin Core, recommended best practice is to use the name of the class that defines the root of the record.
Comment:Examples: "StillImage", "MovingImage", "Sound", "PhysicalObject", "Event", "Text". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:type
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#typeT-001, dcterms:type
Term Name: dcterms:modified
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
Class:all
Definition:The most recent date-time on which the resource was changed. For Darwin Core, recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:modified
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#modified-003, dcterms:modified
Term Name: dcterms:language
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/language
Class:all
Definition:A language of the resource. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as RFC 4646 [RFC4646].
Comment:Examples: "en" for English, "es" for Spanish. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:language
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#languageT-001, dcterms:language
Term Name: dcterms:license
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/license
Class:all
Definition:A legal document giving official permission to do something with the resource.
Comment:Examples: "http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode", "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:license
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#license-002, dcterms:license
Term Name: dcterms:rightsHolder
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder
Class:all
Definition:A person or organization owning or managing rights over the resource.
Comment:Example: "The Regents of the University of California.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:rightsHolder
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#rightsHolder-002, dcterms:rightsHolder
Term Name: dcterms:accessRights
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRights
Class:all
Definition:Information about who can access the resource or an indication of its security status. Access Rights may include information regarding access or restrictions based on privacy, security, or other policies.
Comment:Example: "not-for-profit use only". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:accessRights
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#accessRights-002, dcterms:accessRights
Term Name: dcterms:bibliographicCitation
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
Class:all
Definition:A bibliographic reference for the resource as a statement indicating how this record should be cited (attributed) when used. Recommended practice is to include sufficient bibliographic detail to identify the resource as unambiguously as possible.
Comment:Examples: "Ctenomys sociabilis (MVZ 165861)" for a specimen, "Oliver P. Pearson. 1985. Los tuco-tucos (genera Ctenomys) de los Parques Nacionales Lanin y Nahuel Huapi, Argentina Historia Natural, 5(37):337-343." for a Taxon. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:bibliographicCitation
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#bibliographicCitation-002, dcterms:bibliogra
Term Name: dcterms:references
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
Class:all
Definition:A related resource that is referenced, cited, or otherwise pointed to by the described resource.
Comment:Examples: "http://mvzarctos.berkeley.edu/guid/MVZ:Mamm:165861"; "http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/show_species_details.php?record_id=6197868". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:references
Details:http://dublincore.org/usage/terms/history/#references-003, dcterms:references
Term Name: institutionID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionID
Class:all
Definition:An identifier for the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
Comment:For physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use an identifier from a collections registry such as the Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (http://grbio.org/). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34777", "http://grbio.org/cool/km06-gtbn). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34777", "http://grbio.org/cool/km06-gtbn". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:institutionID
Details:institutionID
Term Name: collectionID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionID
Class:all
Definition:An identifier for the collection or dataset from which the record was derived.
Comment:For physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use an identifier from a collections registry such as the Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (http://grbio.org/). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:1001", "http://grbio.org/cool/p5fp-c036). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:1001", "http://grbio.org/cool/p5fp-c036". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:collectionID
Details:collectionID
Term Name: datasetID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetID
Class:all
Definition:An identifier for the set of data. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a collection or institution.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:datasetID
Details:datasetID
Term Name: institutionCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCode
Class:all
Definition:The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
Comment:Examples: "MVZ", "FMNH", "AKN-CLO", "University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:institutionCode
Details:institutionCode
Term Name: collectionCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCode
Class:all
Definition:The name, acronym, coden, or initialism identifying the collection or data set from which the record was derived.
Comment:Examples: "Mammals", "Hildebrandt", "eBird". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:collectionCode
Details:collectionCode
Term Name: datasetName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetName
Class:all
Definition:The name identifying the data set from which the record was derived.
Comment:Examples: "Grinnell Resurvey Mammals", "Lacey Ctenomys Recaptures". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:datasetName
Details:datasetName
Term Name: ownerInstitutionCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ownerInstitutionCode
Class:all
Definition:The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having ownership of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
Comment:Examples: "NPS", "APN", "InBio". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:ownerInstitutionCode
Details:ownerInstitutionCode
Term Name: basisOfRecord
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecord
Class:all
Definition:The specific nature of the data record.
Comment:Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the list of Darwin Core classes. Examples: "PreservedSpecimen", "FossilSpecimen", "LivingSpecimen", "HumanObservation", "MachineObservation". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:basisOfRecord
Details:basisOfRecord
Term Name: informationWithheld
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheld
Class:all
Definition:Additional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record.
Comment:Examples: "location information not given for endangered species", "collector identities withheld", "ask about tissue samples". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:informationWithheld
Details:informationWithheld
Term Name: dataGeneralizations
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizations
Class:all
Definition:Actions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request.
Comment:Example: "Coordinates generalized from original GPS coordinates to the nearest half degree grid cell". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:dataGeneralizations
Details:dataGeneralizations
Term Name: dynamicProperties
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dynamicProperties
Class:all
Definition:A list of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the record. Meant to provide a mechanism for structured content.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to use a key:value encoding schema such as JSON. Examples: "{"heightInMeters":1.5}", "{"tragusLengthInMeters":0.014, "weightInGrams":120}", "{"natureOfID":"expert identification", "identificationEvidence":"cytochrome B sequence"}", "{"relativeHumidity":28, "airTemperatureInCelcius":22, "sampleSizeInKilograms":10}", "{"aspectHeading":277, "slopeInDegrees":6}", "{"iucnStatus":"vulnerable", "taxonDistribution":"Neuquén, Argentina"}". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:dynamicProperties
Details:dynamicProperties
Term Name: occurrenceID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:An identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the occurrenceID globally unique.
Comment:For a specimen in the absence of a bona fide global unique identifier, for example, use the form: "urn:catalog:[institutionCode]:[collectionCode]:[catalogNumber]. Examples: "urn:lsid:nhm.ku.edu:Herps:32", "urn:catalog:FMNH:Mammal:145732". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:occurrenceID
Details:occurrenceID
Term Name: catalogNumber
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumber
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:An identifier (preferably unique) for the record within the data set or collection.
Comment:Examples: "2008.1334", "145732a", "145732". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:catalogNumber
Details:catalogNumber
Term Name: recordNumber
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordNumber
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:An identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number.
Comment:Example: "OPP 7101". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:recordNumber
Details:recordNumber
Term Name: recordedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedBy
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first. Examples: "José E. Crespo", "Oliver P. Pearson | Anita K. Pearson" where the value in recordNumber "OPP 7101" corresponds to the number for the specimen in the field catalog (collector number) of Oliver P. Pearson. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:recordedBy
Details:recordedBy
Term Name: individualCount
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCount
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.
Comment:Examples: "1", "25". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:individualCount
Details:individualCount
Term Name: sex
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "female", "hermaphrodite", "8 males, 4 females". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:sex
Details:sex
Term Name: lifeStage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "egg", "eft", "juvenile", "adult", "2 adults 4 juveniles". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:lifeStage
Details:lifeStage
Term Name: reproductiveCondition
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/reproductiveCondition
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples" "non-reproductive", "pregnant", "in bloom", "fruit-bearing". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:reproductiveCondition
Details:reproductiveCondition
Term Name: behavior
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/behavior
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A description of the behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "roosting", "foraging", "running". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:behavior
Details:behavior
Term Name: establishmentMeans
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeans
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "native", "introduced", "naturalised", "invasive", "managed". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:establishmentMeans
Details:establishmentMeans
Term Name: occurrenceStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceStatus
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A statement about the presence or absence of a Taxon at a Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "present", "absent". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:occurrenceStatus
Details:occurrenceStatus
Term Name: preparations
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "fossil", "cast", "photograph", "DNA extract", "skin | "skull | skeleton", "whole animal (ETOH) | tissue (EDTA)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:preparations
Details:preparations
Term Name: disposition
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/disposition
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The current state of a specimen with respect to the collection identified in collectionCode or collectionID. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "in collection", "missing", "voucher elsewhere", "duplicates elsewhere". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:disposition
Details:disposition
Term Name: associatedMedia
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMedia
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "http://arctos.database.museum/SpecimenImages/UAMObs/Mamm/2/P7291179.JPG", "http://204.140.246.24/Fish/Collection%20Pictures/10118-00.jpg | http://204.140.246.24/Fish/Collection%20Pictures/10118-00a.jpg". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:associatedMedia
Details:associatedMedia
Term Name: associatedReferences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedReferences
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, bibliographic reference, global unique identifier, URI) of literature associated with the Occurrence.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/322/5899/261", "Christopher J. Conroy, Jennifer L. Neuwald. 2008. Phylogeographic study of the California vole, Microtus californicus Journal of Mammalogy, 89(3):755-767.", "Steven R. Hoofer and Ronald A. Van Den Bussche. 2001. Phylogenetic Relationships of Plecotine Bats and Allies Based on Mitochondrial Ribosomal Sequences. Journal of Mammalogy 82(1):131-137. | Walker, Faith M., Jeffrey T. Foster, Kevin P. Drees, Carol L. Chambers. 2014. Spotted bat (Euderma maculatum) microsatellite discovery using illumina sequencing. Conservation Genetics Resources.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:associatedReferences
Details:associatedReferences
Term Name: associatedSequences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedSequences
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of genetic sequence information associated with the Occurrence.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/U34853.1", "http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/GU328060 | http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AF326093". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:associatedSequences
Details:associatedSequences
Term Name: associatedTaxa
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedTaxa
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers or names of taxa and their associations with the Occurrence.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '), and to separate the relationship from the taxon with a colon (':'). Examples: "host: Quercus alba", "parasitoid of:Cyclocephala signaticollis | predator of Apis mellifera". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:associatedTaxa
Details:associatedTaxa
Term Name: otherCatalogNumbers
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/otherCatalogNumbers
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of previous or alternate fully qualified catalog numbers or other human-used identifiers for the same Occurrence, whether in the current or any other data set or collection.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "FMNH:Mammal:1234", "NPS YELLO6778 | MBG 33424". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:otherCatalogNumbers
Details:otherCatalogNumbers
Term Name: occurrenceRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:Comments or notes about the Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "found dead on road". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:occurrenceRemarks
Details:occurrenceRemarks
Term Name: organismID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Definition:An identifier for the Organism instance (as opposed to a particular digital record of the Organism). May be a globally unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:organismID
Details:organismID
Term Name: organismName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismName
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Definition:A textual name or label assigned to an Organism instance.
Comment:Examples: "Huberta", "Boab Prison Tree", "J pod". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:organismName
Details:organismName
Term Name: organismScope
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismScope
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Definition:A description of the kind of Organism instance. Can be used to indicate whether the Organism instance represents a discrete organism or if it represents a particular type of aggregation. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:This term is not intended to be used to specify a type of taxon. To describe the kind of Organism using a URI object in RDF, use rdf:type (http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type) instead. Examples: "multicellular organism", "virus", "clone" "pack", "colony) instead. Examples: "multicellular organism", "virus", "clone" "pack", "colony". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:organismScope
Details:organismScope
Term Name: associatedOccurrences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOccurrences
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other Occurrence records and their associations to this Occurrence.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:associatedOccurrences
Details:associatedOccurrences
Term Name: associatedOrganisms
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOrganisms
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other Organisms and their associations to this Organism.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "sibling of MXA-232", "mother of MXA-231 | mother of MXA-232". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:associatedOrganisms
Details:associatedOrganisms
Term Name: previousIdentifications
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/previousIdentifications
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of previous assignments of names to the Organism.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "Chalepidae", "Pinus abies", "Anthus sp., field ID by G. Iglesias | Anthus correndera, expert ID by C. Cicero 2009-02-12 based on morphology". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:previousIdentifications
Details:previousIdentifications
Term Name: organismRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/organismRemarks
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism
Definition:Comments or notes about the Organism instance.
Comment:Example: "One of a litter of six.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:organismRemarks
Details:organismRemarks
Term Name: materialSampleID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/materialSampleID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MaterialSample
Definition:An identifier for the MaterialSample (as opposed to a particular digital record of the material sample). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the materialSampleID globally unique.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:materialSampleID
Details:materialSampleID
Term Name: eventID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:An identifier for the set of information associated with an Event (something that occurs at a place and time). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:eventID
Details:eventID
Term Name: fieldNumber
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumber
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:An identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
Comment:Example: "RV Sol 87-03-08". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:fieldNumber
Details:fieldNumber
Term Name: eventDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:eventDate
Details:eventDate
Term Name: eventTime
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The time or interval during which an Event occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "14:07-0600" is 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "08:40:21Z" is 8:40:21am UTC, "13:00:00Z/15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1pm UTC and 3:30pm UTC. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:eventTime
Details:eventTime
Term Name: startDayOfYear
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/startDayOfYear
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The earliest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
Comment:Examples: "1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:startDayOfYear
Details:startDayOfYear
Term Name: endDayOfYear
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/endDayOfYear
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The latest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
Comment:Examples: "1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:endDayOfYear
Details:endDayOfYear
Term Name: year
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/year
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The four-digit year in which the Event occurred, according to the Common Era Calendar.
Comment:Example: "2008". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:year
Details:year
Term Name: month
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/month
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The ordinal month in which the Event occurred.
Comment:Examples: "1" (=January), "10" (=October). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:month
Details:month
Term Name: day
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/day
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The integer day of the month on which the Event occurred.
Comment:Examples: "9", "28". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:day
Details:day
Term Name: verbatimEventDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimEventDate
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The verbatim original representation of the date and time information for an Event.
Comment:Examples: "spring 1910", "Marzo 2002", "1999-03-XX", "17IV1934". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimEventDate
Details:verbatimEventDate
Term Name: habitat
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
Comment:Examples: "oak savanna", "pre-cordilleran steppe". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:habitat
Details:habitat
Term Name: samplingProtocol
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.
Comment:Examples: "UV light trap", "mist net", "bottom trawl", "ad hoc observation", "point count", "Penguins from space: faecal stains reveal the location of emperor penguin colonies, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00467.x", "Takats et al. 2001. Guidelines for Nocturnal Owl Monitoring in North America. Beaverhill Bird Observatory and Bird Studies Canada, Edmonton, Alberta. 32 pp.", "http://www.bsc-eoc.org/download/Owl.pdf". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:samplingProtocol
Details:samplingProtocol
Term Name: samplingEffort
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffort
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The amount of effort expended during an Event.
Comment:Examples: "40 trap-nights", "10 observer-hours; 10 km by foot; 30 km by car". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:samplingEffort
Details:samplingEffort
Term Name: fieldNotes
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
Comment:Example: "notes available in Grinnell-Miller Library". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:fieldNotes
Details:fieldNotes
Term Name: eventRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarks
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:Comments or notes about the Event.
Comment:Example: "after the recent rains the river is nearly at flood stage". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:eventRemarks
Details:eventRemarks
Term Name: locationID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationID
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:An identifier for the set of location information (data associated with dcterms:Location). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:locationID
Details:locationID
Term Name: higherGeographyID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeographyID
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:An identifier for the geographic region within which the Location occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an persistent identifier from a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Example: "TGN: 1002002" for Prov. Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:higherGeographyID
Details:higherGeographyID
Term Name: higherGeography
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeography
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of geographic names less specific than the information captured in the locality term.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '), with terms in order from least specific to most specific. Examples: "North Atlantic Ocean", "South America | Argentina | Patagonia | Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi | Neuquén | Los Lagos" with accompanying values "South America" in Continent, "Argentina" in Country, "Neuquén" in StateProvince, and "Los Lagos" in County. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:higherGeography
Details:higherGeography
Term Name: continent
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/continent
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the continent in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Examples: "Africa", "Antarctica", "Asia", "Europe", "North America", "Oceania", "South America". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:continent
Details:continent
Term Name: waterBody
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/waterBody
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the water body in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Examples: "Indian Ocean", "Baltic Sea", "Hudson River". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:waterBody
Details:waterBody
Term Name: islandGroup
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/islandGroup
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the island group in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Examples: "Alexander Archipelago", "Seychelles". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:islandGroup
Details:islandGroup
Term Name: island
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/island
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the island on or near which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Examples: "Isla Victoria", "Vancouver", "Viti Levu", "Zanzibar". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:island
Details:island
Term Name: country
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/country
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the country or major administrative unit in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Examples: "Denmark", "Colombia", "España". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:country
Details:country
Term Name: countryCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countryCode
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The standard code for the country in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 country codes.
Comment:Examples: "AR" for Argentina, "SV" for El Salvador. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:countryCode
Details:countryCode
Term Name: stateProvince
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/stateProvince
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the next smaller administrative region than country (state, province, canton, department, region, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
Comment:Examples: "Montana", "Minas Gerais", "Córdoba". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:stateProvince
Details:stateProvince
Term Name: county
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/county
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than stateProvince (county, shire, department, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
Comment:Examples: "Missoula", "Los Lagos", "Mataró". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:county
Details:county
Term Name: municipality
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/municipality
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than county (city, municipality, etc.) in which the Location occurs. Do not use this term for a nearby named place that does not contain the actual location.
Comment:Examples: "Holzminden". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:municipality
Details:municipality
Term Name: locality
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description.
Comment:Example: "Bariloche, 25 km NNE via Ruta Nacional 40 (=Ruta 237)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:locality
Details:locality
Term Name: verbatimLocality
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLocality
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The original textual description of the place.
Comment:Example: "25 km NNE Bariloche por R. Nac. 237". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimLocality
Details:verbatimLocality
Term Name: minimumElevationInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumElevationInMeters
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The lower limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
Comment:Example: "100". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:minimumElevationInMeters
Details:minimumElevationInMeters
Term Name: maximumElevationInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumElevationInMeters
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The upper limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
Comment:Example: "200". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:maximumElevationInMeters
Details:maximumElevationInMeters
Term Name: verbatimElevation
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.
Comment:Example: "100-200 m". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimElevation
Details:verbatimElevation
Term Name: minimumDepthInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDepthInMeters
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
Comment:Example: "100". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:minimumDepthInMeters
Details:minimumDepthInMeters
Term Name: maximumDepthInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDepthInMeters
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
Comment:Example: "200". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:maximumDepthInMeters
Details:maximumDepthInMeters
Term Name: verbatimDepth
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimDepth
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The original description of the depth below the local surface.
Comment:Example: "100-200 m". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimDepth
Details:verbatimDepth
Term Name: minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The lesser distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.
Comment:Example: 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinimumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "0", maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "-1.5". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Details:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Term Name: maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The greater distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.
Comment:Example: 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinimumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "0", maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters: "-1.5". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Details:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Term Name: locationAccordingTo
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationAccordingTo
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:Information about the source of this Location information. Could be a publication (gazetteer), institution, or team of individuals.
Comment:Examples: "Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names", "GADM". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:locationAccordingTo
Details:locationAccordingTo
Term Name: locationRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationRemarks
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:Comments or notes about the Location.
Comment:Example: "under water since 2005". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:locationRemarks
Details:locationRemarks
Term Name: decimalLatitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
Comment:Example: "-41.0983423". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:decimalLatitude
Details:decimalLatitude
Term Name: decimalLongitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
Comment:Example: "-121.1761111". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:decimalLongitude
Details:decimalLongitude
Term Name: geodeticDatum
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geodeticDatum
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".
Comment:Examples: "EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:geodeticDatum
Details:geodeticDatum
Term Name: coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The horizontal distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing the smallest circle containing the whole of the Location. Leave the value empty if the uncertainty is unknown, cannot be estimated, or is not applicable (because there are no coordinates). Zero is not a valid value for this term.
Comment:Examples: "30" (reasonable lower limit of a GPS reading under good conditions if the actual precision was not recorded at the time), "71" (uncertainty for a UTM coordinate having 100 meter precision and a known spatial reference system). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Details:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Term Name: coordinatePrecision
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinatePrecision
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A decimal representation of the precision of the coordinates given in the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude.
Comment:Examples: "0.00001" (normal GPS limit for decimal degrees), "0.000278" (nearest second), "0.01667" (nearest minute), "1.0" (nearest degree). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:coordinatePrecision
Details:coordinatePrecision
Term Name: pointRadiusSpatialFit
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/pointRadiusSpatialFit
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ratio of the area of the point-radius (decimalLatitude, decimalLongitude, coordinateUncertaintyInMeters) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given point-radius does not completely contain the original representation. The pointRadiusSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point without uncertainty and the given georeference is not that same point (without uncertainty). If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the pointRadiusSpatialFit is 1.
Comment:Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:pointRadiusSpatialFit
Details:pointRadiusSpatialFit
Term Name: verbatimCoordinates
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinates
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The verbatim original spatial coordinates of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Comment:Examples: "41 05 54S 121 05 34W", "17T 630000 4833400". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimCoordinates
Details:verbatimCoordinates
Term Name: verbatimLatitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLatitude
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The verbatim original latitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Comment:Example: "41 05 54.03S". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimLatitude
Details:verbatimLatitude
Term Name: verbatimLongitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLongitude
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The verbatim original longitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Comment:Example: "121d 10' 34" W". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimLongitude
Details:verbatimLongitude
Term Name: verbatimCoordinateSystem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinateSystem
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The spatial coordinate system for the verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude or the verbatimCoordinates of the Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "decimal degrees", "degrees decimal minutes", "degrees minutes seconds", "UTM". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimCoordinateSystem
Details:verbatimCoordinateSystem
Term Name: verbatimSRS
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimSRS
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which coordinates given in verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude, or verbatimCoordinates are based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".
Comment:Examples: "EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimSRS
Details:verbatimSRS
Term Name: footprintWKT
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintWKT
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the shape (footprint, geometry) that defines the Location. A Location may have both a point-radius representation (see decimalLatitude) and a footprint representation, and they may differ from each other.
Comment:Example: the one-degree bounding box with opposite corners at (longitude=10, latitude=20) and (longitude=11, latitude=21) would be expressed in well-known text as POLYGON ((10 20, 11 20, 11 21, 10 21, 10 20)). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:footprintWKT
Details:footprintWKT
Term Name: footprintSRS
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSRS
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the Spatial Reference System (SRS) for the footprintWKT of the Location. Do not use this term to describe the SRS of the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude, even if it is the same as for the footprintWKT - use the geodeticDatum instead.
Comment:Example: The WKT for the standard WGS84 SRS (EPSG:4326) is "GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]]" without the enclosing quotes. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:footprintSRS
Details:footprintSRS
Term Name: footprintSpatialFit
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSpatialFit
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ratio of the area of the footprint (footprintWKT) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given footprint does not completely contain the original representation. The footprintSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point and the given georeference is not that same point. If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the footprintSpatialFit is 1.
Comment:Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:footprintSpatialFit
Details:footprintSpatialFit
Term Name: georeferencedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedBy
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the georeference (spatial representation) for the Location.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "Brad Millen (ROM)", "Kristina Yamamoto (MVZ) | Janet Fang (MVZ)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:georeferencedBy
Details:georeferencedBy
Term Name: georeferencedDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedDate
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The date on which the Location was georeferenced. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:georeferencedDate
Details:georeferencedDate
Term Name: georeferenceProtocol
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceProtocol
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A description or reference to the methods used to determine the spatial footprint, coordinates, and uncertainties.
Comment:Examples: "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing. (Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006). Global Biodiversity Information Facility.", "MaNIS/HerpNet/ORNIS Georeferencing Guidelines", "Georeferencing Quick Reference Guide". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:georeferenceProtocol
Details:georeferenceProtocol
Term Name: georeferenceSources
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceSources
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of maps, gazetteers, or other resources used to georeference the Location, described specifically enough to allow anyone in the future to use the same resources.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "GeoLocate", "USGS 1:24000 Florence Montana Quad | Terrametrics 2008 on Google Earth". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:georeferenceSources
Details:georeferenceSources
Term Name: georeferenceVerificationStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceVerificationStatus
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A categorical description of the extent to which the georeference has been verified to represent the best possible spatial description. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "requires verification", "verified by collector", "verified by curator". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:georeferenceVerificationStatus
Details:georeferenceVerificationStatus
Term Name: georeferenceRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceRemarks
Class:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:Notes or comments about the spatial description determination, explaining assumptions made in addition or opposition to the those formalized in the method referred to in georeferenceProtocol.
Comment:Example: "assumed distance by road (Hwy. 101)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:georeferenceRemarks
Details:georeferenceRemarks
Term Name: geologicalContextID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geologicalContextID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:An identifier for the set of information associated with a GeologicalContext (the location within a geological context, such as stratigraphy). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:geologicalContextID
Details:geologicalContextID
Term Name: earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic eon or lowest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Phanerozoic", "Proterozoic". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Details:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Term Name: latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic eon or highest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Phanerozoic", "Proterozoic". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Details:latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Term Name: earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic era or lowest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Cenozoic", "Mesozoic". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Details:earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Term Name: latestEraOrHighestErathem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEraOrHighestErathem
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic era or highest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Cenozoic", "Mesozoic". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:latestEraOrHighestErathem
Details:latestEraOrHighestErathem
Term Name: earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic period or lowest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Neogene", "Tertiary", "Quaternary". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Details:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Term Name: latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic period or highest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Neogene", "Tertiary", "Quaternary". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Details:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Term Name: earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic epoch or lowest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Holocene", "Pleistocene", "Ibexian Series". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Details:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Term Name: latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic epoch or highest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Holocene", "Pleistocene", "Ibexian Series". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Details:latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Term Name: earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic age or lowest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Atlantic", "Boreal", "Skullrockian". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Details:earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Term Name: latestAgeOrHighestStage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestAgeOrHighestStage
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic age or highest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Atlantic", "Boreal", "Skullrockian". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:latestAgeOrHighestStage
Details:latestAgeOrHighestStage
Term Name: lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lowest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Details:lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Term Name: highestBiostratigraphicZone
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/highestBiostratigraphicZone
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the highest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:highestBiostratigraphicZone
Details:highestBiostratigraphicZone
Term Name: lithostratigraphicTerms
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lithostratigraphicTerms
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The combination of all litho-stratigraphic names for the rock from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:lithostratigraphicTerms
Details:lithostratigraphicTerms
Term Name: group
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/group
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic group from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:group
Details:group
Term Name: formation
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/formation
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic formation from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Notch Peak Fromation", "House Limestone", "Fillmore Formation". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:formation
Details:formation
Term Name: member
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/member
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic member from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:Examples: "Lava Dam Member", "Hellnmaria Member". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:member
Details:member
Term Name: bed
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/bed
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic bed from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:bed
Details:bed
Term Name: identificationID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:An identifier for the Identification (the body of information associated with the assignment of a scientific name). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identificationID
Details:identificationID
Term Name: identificationQualifier
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationQualifier
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification.
Comment:Examples: 1) For the determination "Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia" with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank. 2) For the determination "Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "cf. var. oxyadenia " with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identificationQualifier
Details:identificationQualifier
Term Name: typeStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "holotype of Ctenomys sociabilis. Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388", "holotype of Pinus abies | holotype of Picea abies". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:typeStatus
Details:typeStatus
Term Name: identifiedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "James L. Patton", "Theodore Pappenfuss | Robert Macey". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identifiedBy
Details:identifiedBy
Term Name: dateIdentified
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:The date on which the subject was identified as representing the Taxon. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:dateIdentified
Details:dateIdentified
Term Name: identificationReferences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationReferences
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of references (publication, global unique identifier, URI) used in the Identification.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "Aves del Noroeste Patagonico. Christie et al. 2004.", "Stebbins, R. Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. 3rd Edition. 2003. | Irschick, D.J. and Shaffer, H.B. (1997). ''The polytypic species revisited: Morphological differentiation among tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) (Amphibia: Caudata).'' Herpetologica, 53(1), 30-49.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identificationReferences
Details:identificationReferences
Term Name: identificationVerificationStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationVerificationStatus
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A categorical indicator of the extent to which the taxonomic identification has been verified to be correct. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as that used in HISPID/ABCD.
Comment:Examples: "0", "4". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identificationVerificationStatus
Details:identificationVerificationStatus
Term Name: identificationRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationRemarks
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:Comments or notes about the Identification.
Comment:Example: "Distinguished between Anthus correndera and Anthus hellmayri based on the comparative lengths of the uñas.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identificationRemarks
Details:identificationRemarks
Term Name: taxonID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the set of taxon information (data associated with the Taxon class). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment:Examples: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001", "32567", "http://species.gbif.org/abies_alba_1753", "urn:lsid:gbif.org:usages:32567". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:taxonID
Details:taxonID
Term Name: scientificNameID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the nomenclatural (not taxonomic) details of a scientific name.
Comment:Example: "urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:37829-1:1.3". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:scientificNameID
Details:scientificNameID
Term Name: acceptedNameUsageID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsageID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
Comment:Example: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:acceptedNameUsageID
Details:acceptedNameUsageID
Term Name: parentNameUsageID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsageID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:parentNameUsageID
Details:parentNameUsageID
Term Name: originalNameUsageID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsageID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) in which the terminal element of the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
Comment:Example: "http://species.gbif.org/abies_alba_1753". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:originalNameUsageID
Details:originalNameUsageID
Term Name: nameAccordingToID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingToID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied. See nameAccordingTo.
Comment:Example: "doi:10.1016/S0269-915X(97)80026-2". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:nameAccordingToID
Details:nameAccordingToID
Term Name: namePublishedInID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
Comment:Example: "http://hdl.handle.net/10199/7". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:namePublishedInID
Details:namePublishedInID
Term Name: taxonConceptID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonConceptID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:An identifier for the taxonomic concept to which the record refers - not for the nomenclatural details of a taxon.
Comment:Example: "8fa58e08-08de-4ac1-b69c-1235340b7001". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:taxonConceptID
Details:taxonConceptID
Term Name: scientificName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.
Comment:Examples: "Coleoptera" (order), "Vespertilionidae" (family), "Manis" (genus), "Ctenomys sociabilis" (genus + specificEpithet), "Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli" (genus + specificEpithet + infraspecificEpithet), "Roptrocerus typographi (Györfi, 1952)" (genus + specificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship), "Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell" (genus + specificEpithet + taxonRank + infraspecificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:scientificName
Details:scientificName
Term Name: acceptedNameUsage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsage
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.
Comment:Example: "Tamias minimus" valid name for "Eutamias minimus". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:acceptedNameUsage
Details:acceptedNameUsage
Term Name: parentNameUsage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsage
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.
Comment:Examples: "Rubiaceae", "Gruiformes", "Testudinae". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:parentNameUsage
Details:parentNameUsage
Term Name: originalNameUsage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsage
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The taxon name, with authorship and date information if known, as it originally appeared when first established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode. The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names.
Comment:Examples: "Pinus abies", "Gasterosteus saltatrix Linnaeus 1768". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:originalNameUsage
Details:originalNameUsage
Term Name: nameAccordingTo
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingTo
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The reference to the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied - traditionally signified by the Latin "sensu" or "sec." (from secundum, meaning "according to"). For taxa that result from identifications, a reference to the keys, monographs, experts and other sources should be given.
Comment:Example: "McCranie, J. R., D. B. Wake, and L. D. Wilson. 1996. The taxonomic status of Bolitoglossa schmidti, with comments on the biology of the Mesoamerican salamander Bolitoglossa dofleini (Caudata: Plethodontidae). Carib. J. Sci. 32:395-398.", "Werner Greuter 2008", "Lilljeborg 1861, Upsala Univ. Arsskrift, Math. Naturvet., pp. 4, 5". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:nameAccordingTo
Details:nameAccordingTo
Term Name: namePublishedIn
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedIn
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A reference for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.
Comment:Examples: "Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388", "Forel, Auguste, Diagnosies provisoires de quelques espèces nouvelles de fourmis de Madagascar, récoltées par M. Grandidier., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 30, 1886". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:namePublishedIn
Details:namePublishedIn
Term Name: namePublishedInYear
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInYear
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The four-digit year in which the scientificName was published.
Comment:Examples: "1915", "2008". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:namePublishedInYear
Details:namePublishedInYear
Term Name: higherClassification
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherClassification
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of taxa names terminating at the rank immediately superior to the taxon referenced in the taxon record.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '), with terms in order from the highest taxonomic rank to the lowest. Examples: "Animalia", "Animalia | Chordata | Vertebrata | Mammalia | Theria | Eutheria | Rodentia | Hystricognatha | Hystricognathi | Ctenomyidae | Ctenomyini | Ctenomys". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:higherClassification
Details:higherClassification
Term Name: kingdom
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
Comment:Examples: "Animalia", "Plantae". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:kingdom
Details:kingdom
Term Name: phylum
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name of the phylum or division in which the taxon is classified.
Comment:Examples: "Chordata" (phylum), "Bryophyta" (division). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:phylum
Details:phylum
Term Name: class
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
Comment:Examples: "Mammalia", "Hepaticopsida". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:class
Details:class
Term Name: order
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.
Comment:Examples: "Carnivora", "Monocleales". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:order
Details:order
Term Name: family
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
Comment:Examples: "Felidae", "Monocleaceae". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:family
Details:family
Term Name: genus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
Comment:Examples: "Puma", "Monoclea". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:genus
Details:genus
Term Name: subgenus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/subgenus
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The full scientific name of the subgenus in which the taxon is classified. Values should include the genus to avoid homonym confusion.
Comment:Examples: "Strobus (Pinus)", "Puma (Puma)" "Loligo (Amerigo)", "Hieracium subgen. Pilosella". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:subgenus
Details:subgenus
Term Name: specificEpithet
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the first or species epithet of the scientificName.
Comment:Examples: "concolor", "gottschei". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:specificEpithet
Details:specificEpithet
Term Name: infraspecificEpithet
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/infraspecificEpithet
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the lowest or terminal infraspecific epithet of the scientificName, excluding any rank designation.
Comment:Examples: "concolor", "oxyadenia", "sayi". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:infraspecificEpithet
Details:infraspecificEpithet
Term Name: taxonRank
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "subspecies", "varietas", "forma", "species", "genus". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:taxonRank
Details:taxonRank
Term Name: verbatimTaxonRank
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimTaxonRank
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record.
Comment:Examples: "Agamospecies", "sub-lesus", "prole", "apomict", "nothogrex", "sp.", "subsp.", "var.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:verbatimTaxonRank
Details:verbatimTaxonRank
Term Name: scientificNameAuthorship
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
Comment:Example: "(Torr.) J.T. Howell", "(Martinovský) Tzvelev", "(Györfi, 1952)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:scientificNameAuthorship
Details:scientificNameAuthorship
Term Name: vernacularName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A common or vernacular name.
Comment:Examples: "Andean Condor", "Condor Andino", "American Eagle", "Gänsegeier". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:vernacularName
Details:vernacularName
Term Name: nomenclaturalCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalCode
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The nomenclatural code (or codes in the case of an ambiregnal name) under which the scientificName is constructed. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "ICBN", "ICZN", "BC", "ICNCP", "BioCode", "ICZN; ICBN". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:nomenclaturalCode
Details:nomenclaturalCode
Term Name: taxonomicStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "invalid", "misapplied", "homotypic synonym", "accepted". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:taxonomicStatus
Details:taxonomicStatus
Term Name: nomenclaturalStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalStatus
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion.
Comment:Examples: "nom. ambig.", "nom. illeg.", "nom. subnud.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:nomenclaturalStatus
Details:nomenclaturalStatus
Term Name: taxonRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:Comments or notes about the taxon or name.
Comment:Example: "this name is a misspelling in common use". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:taxonRemarks
Details:taxonRemarks
Term Name: measurementID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:An identifier for the MeasurementOrFact (information pertaining to measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementID
Details:measurementID
Term Name: measurementType
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementType
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The nature of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "tail length", "temperature", "trap line length", "survey area", "trap type". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementType
Details:measurementType
Term Name: measurementValue
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementValue
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The value of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Comment:Examples: "45", "20", "1", "14.5", "UV-light". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementValue
Details:measurementValue
Term Name: measurementAccuracy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementAccuracy
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The description of the potential error associated with the measurementValue.
Comment:Examples: "0.01", "normal distribution with variation of 2 m". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementAccuracy
Details:measurementAccuracy
Term Name: measurementUnit
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementUnit
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The units associated with the measurementValue. Recommended best practice is to use the International System of Units (SI).
Comment:Examples: "mm", "C", "km", "ha". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementUnit
Details:measurementUnit
Term Name: measurementDeterminedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedBy
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the value of the MeasurementOrFact.
Comment:The recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "Rob Guralnick", "Julie Woodruff | Eileen Lacey". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementDeterminedBy
Details:measurementDeterminedBy
Term Name: measurementDeterminedDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedDate
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The date on which the MeasurementOrFact was made. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementDeterminedDate
Details:measurementDeterminedDate
Term Name: measurementMethod
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementMethod
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:A description of or reference to (publication, URI) the method or protocol used to determine the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Comment:Examples: "minimum convex polygon around burrow entrances" for a home range area, "barometric altimeter" for an elevation. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementMethod
Details:measurementMethod
Term Name: measurementRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementRemarks
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:Comments or notes accompanying the MeasurementOrFact.
Comment:Example: "tip of tail missing". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:measurementRemarks
Details:measurementRemarks
Term Name: resourceRelationshipID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceRelationshipID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:An identifier for an instance of relationship between one resource (the subject) and another (relatedResource, the object).
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:resourceRelationshipID
Details:resourceRelationshipID
Term Name: resourceID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:An identifier for the resource that is the subject of the relationship.
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:resourceID
Details:resourceID
Term Name: relatedResourceID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relatedResourceID
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:An identifier for a related resource (the object, rather than the subject of the relationship).
Comment:For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:relatedResourceID
Details:relatedResourceID
Term Name: relationshipOfResource
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipOfResource
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:The relationship of the resource identified by relatedResourceID to the subject (optionally identified by the resourceID). Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "duplicate of", "mother of", "endoparasite of", "host to", "sibling of", "valid synonym of", "located within". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:relationshipOfResource
Details:relationshipOfResource
Term Name: relationshipAccordingTo
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipAccordingTo
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:The source (person, organization, publication, reference) establishing the relationship between the two resources.
Comment:Example: "Julie Woodruff". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:relationshipAccordingTo
Details:relationshipAccordingTo
Term Name: relationshipEstablishedDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipEstablishedDate
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:The date-time on which the relationship between the two resources was established. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:relationshipEstablishedDate
Details:relationshipEstablishedDate
Term Name: relationshipRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipRemarks
Class:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:Comments or notes about the relationship between the two resources.
Comment:Examples: "mother and offspring collected from the same nest", "pollinator captured in the act". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:relationshipRemarks
Details:relationshipRemarks

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