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Darwin Core Terms: A quick reference guide

Title: Darwin Core Terms: A quick reference guide
Date Issued: 2009-02-12
Date Modified: 2009-07-06
Abstract: This document is a quick reference for all recommended Darwin Core terms. For complete historical term information, including version changes and pre-standard terms, see [HISTORY]. For a comparative table of elements from pre-standard versions of Darwin Core to the current terms in the standard, see [VERSIONS].
Contributors: John Wieczorek (MVZ), Markus Döring (GBIF), Renato De Giovanni (CRIA), Tim Robertson (GBIF), Dave Vieglais (KUNHM)
Legal: This document is governed by the standard legal, copyright, licensing provisions and disclaimers issued by the Taxonomic Databases Working Group.
Part of TDWG Standard: ***URL to DwC Standard*** will go here
Creator: Darwin Core Task Group
Identifier: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/2009-07-06/terms/
Latest Version: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/
Replaces: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/2009-05-25/terms/
Document Status: For Public Review.

1. Term Index

Audience: This document is targeted toward those who need a reference (lists and definitions) to the essential information about the current recommended Darwin Core terms.

This quick guide is meant to provide a list of all of the current terms of the Darwin core. The terms are organized by categories (in bold) in the index. The categories correspond to Darwin Core terms that are classes (terms that have other terms to describe them). The terms that describe a given class (the class properties) appear in the list immediately below the name of the category in the index. The index provides links to the term descriptions in the table below the index.

Names that begin with dcterms: are terms managed by the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative [DCMI], which are reproduced here and which may include a description and comments adapted to this community. The original definitions of these terms can be found by following the links given in the Details section for the term.

Terms under the Record-level Terms section are those that can apply to whichever category is considered to be the root or basis for the record. For example, a record for a camera trap bird sighting would fall into the Occurrence category, so the value of dcterms:type term would be "Occurrence", the value of the basisOfRecord term would be "MachineObservation" to show which kind of Occurrence record it is and all of the rest of the record-level terms would apply to the Occurrence record.

The terms found under the Auxiliary Terms section can only be meaningfully implemented in an application that supports relational structures. For example, none of the auxiliary terms will be found in the specification of the Simple Darwin Core [SIMPLEDWC], which is "flat" in structure.


Record-level Terms

dcterms:type | dcterms:modified | dcterms:language | dcterms:rights | dcterms:rightsHolder | dcterms:accessRights | dcterms:bibliographicCitation

basisOfRecord | informationWithheld | dataGeneralizations | dynamicProperties

Dataset

datasetID

Occurrence

occurrenceID | institutionCode | collectionCode | collectionID | catalogNumber | occurrenceDetails | occurrenceRemarks | recordNumber | recordedBy | individualID | individualCount | sex | lifeStage | reproductiveCondition | behavior | establishmentMeans | preparations | disposition | otherCatalogNumbers | previousIdentifications | associatedMedia | associatedReferences | associatedOccurrences | associatedSequences | associatedTaxa

Event

eventID | samplingProtocol | verbatimEventDate | eventDate | eventTime | startDayOfYear | endDayOfYear | year | month | day | habitat | fieldNumber | fieldNotes | eventRemarks

dcterms:Location

locationID | higherGeographyID | higherGeography | continent | waterBody | islandGroup | island | country | countryCode | stateProvince | county | locality | verbatimLocality | verbatimElevation | minimumElevationInMeters | maximumElevationInMeters | verbatimDepth | minimumDepthInMeters | maximumDepthInMeters | minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | locationRemarks | verbatimCoordinates | verbatimLatitude | verbatimLongitude | verbatimCoordinateSystem | verbatimSRS | decimalLatitude | decimalLongitude | geodeticDatum | coordinateUncertaintyInMeters | coordinatePrecision | pointRadiusSpatialFit | footprintWKT | footprintSRS | footprintSpatialFit | georeferencedBy | georeferenceProtocol | georeferenceSources | georeferenceVerificationStatus | georeferenceRemarks

GeologicalContext

geologicalContextID | earliestEonOrLowestEonothem | latestEonOrHighestEonothem | earliestEraOrLowestErathem | latestEraOrHighestErathem | earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem | latestPeriodOrHighestSystem | earliestEpochOrLowestSeries | latestEpochOrHighestSeries | earliestAgeOrLowestStage | latestAgeOrHighestStage | lowestBiostratigraphicZone | highestBiostratigraphicZone | lithostratigraphicTerms | group | formation | member | bed

Identification

identificationID | identifiedBy | dateIdentified | identificationReferences | identificationRemarks | identificationQualifier | typeStatus

Taxon

scientificNameID | acceptedScientificNameID | higherTaxonNameID | basionymID | scientificName | acceptedScientificName | higherTaxonName | basionym | kingdom | phylum | class | order | family | genus | subgenus | specificEpithet | infraspecificEpithet | scientificNameRank | verbatimScientificNameRank | scientificNameAuthorship | nomenclaturalCode | namePublicationID | namePublishedIn | taxonomicStatus | nomenclaturalStatus | taxonConceptID | taxonAccordingTo | taxonRemarks | vernacularName

Auxiliary Terms

ResourceRelationship

resourceRelationshipID | resourceID | relatedResourceID | relationshipOfResource | relationshipAccordingTo | relationshipEstablishedDate | relationshipRemarks

MeasurementOrFact

measurementID | measurementType | measurementValue | measurementAccuracy | measurementUnit | measurementDeterminedDate | measurementDeterminedBy | measurementMethod | measurementRemarks

3. Term Definitions

The table below contains the term information essential for most users. The complete documentation for each term can be found by following the link in the Details section of the description. The link takes you to the appropriate entry in the Complete History [HISTORY] document. The definitions for the fields describing each term are:
Term Name: The name by which the latest version of the term is commonly known.
Identifier: The unique identifier for the latest version of the term.
Has Domain: The category of terms (Class) that this term describes.
Definition: A description of the nature of the content of the term.
Comment: Further commentary about the usage of the term, with examples and a reference to further information.
Details: A link to the complete information about the term, including access to its history.

Term Name: Dataset
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Dataset
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to a logical set of records.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Dataset
Details:Dataset
Term Name: Occurrence
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to evidence of an occurrence in nature, in a collection, or in a dataset (specimen, observation, etc.).
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:Occurrence
Term Name: Event
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to an event (something that happens at a place and time).
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:Event
Term Name: dcterms:Location
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Has Domain:
Definition:A spatial region or named place.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#classes-Location, dcterms:Location
Term Name: GeologicalContext
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to a location within a geological context, such as stratigraphy.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:GeologicalContext
Term Name: Identification
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to taxonomic determinations (the assignment of a scientific name).
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:Identification
Term Name: Taxon
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to taxonomic names or concepts.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:Taxon
Term Name: ResourceRelationship
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to relationships between resources (instances of data records, such as Occurrences, Taxa, Locations, Events).
Comment:Resources can be thought of as identifiable records and may include, but need not be limited to Occurrences, Locations, Events, Identifications, or Taxon records. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:ResourceRelationship
Term Name: MeasurementOrFact
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Has Domain:
Definition:The category of information pertaining to measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about a resource (instance of data record, such as Occurrence, Taxon, Location, Event).
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:MeasurementOrFact
Term Name: dcterms:type
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/type
Has Domain:all
Definition:The nature or genre of the resource. Recommended best practice is to use the name of the class that defines the root of the record.
Comment:Examples: "Occurrence", "Event", "Location", "Taxon". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#terms-type, dcterms:type
Term Name: dcterms:modified
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
Has Domain:all
Definition:The most recent date-time on which the resource was changed.
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#terms-modified, dcterms:modified
Term Name: dcterms:language
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/language
Has Domain:all
Definition:A language of the resource. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as RFC 4646 [RFC4646].
Comment:Examples: "en" for English, "es" for Spanish. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#terms-language, dcterms:language
Term Name: dcterms:rights
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/rights
Has Domain:all
Definition:Information about rights held in and over the resource. Typically, rights information includes a statement about various property rights associated with the resource, including intellectual property rights.
Comment:Example: "Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#terms-rights, dcterms:rights
Term Name: dcterms:rightsHolder
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder
Has Domain:all
Definition:A person or organization owning or managing rights over the resource.
Comment:Example: "The Regents of the University of California.". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#terms-rightsHolder, dcterms:rightsHolder
Term Name: dcterms:accessRights
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRights
Has Domain:all
Definition:Information about who can access the resource or an indication of its security status. Access Rights may include information regarding access or restrictions based on privacy, security, or other policies.
Comment:Example: "not-for-profit use only". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#terms-accessRights, dcterms:accessRights
Term Name: dcterms:bibliographicCitation
Identifier:http://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
Has Domain:all
Definition:A bibliographic reference for the resource as a statement indicating how this record should be cited (attributed) when used. Recommended practice is to include sufficient bibliographic detail to identify the resource as unambiguously as possible.
Comment:Examples: "Ctenomys sociabilis (MVZ 165861)" for a specimen, "Oliver P. Pearson. 1985. Los tuco-tucos (genera Ctenomys) de los Parques Nacionales Lanin y Nahuel Huapi, Argentina Historia Natural, 5(37):337-343." for a Taxon. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/#terms-bibliographicCitation, dcterms:bib
Term Name: basisOfRecord
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecord
Has Domain:all
Definition:The specific nature of the data record - a subtype of the dcterms:type. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Darwin Core Type Vocabulary (http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/type-vocabulary/index.htm).
Comment:Examples: "StillImage", "MovingImage", "Sound", "PreservedSpecimen", FossilSpecimen", LivingSpecimen", "HumanObservation", "MachineObservation". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:basisOfRecord
Term Name: informationWithheld
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheld
Has Domain:all
Definition:Additional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record.
Comment:Examples: "location information not given for endangered species", "collector identities withheld", "ask about tissue samples". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:informationWithheld
Term Name: dataGeneralizations
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizations
Has Domain:all
Definition:Actions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request.
Comment:Example: "Coordinates generalized from original GPS coordinates to the nearest half degree grid cell". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:dataGeneralizations
Term Name: dynamicProperties
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dynamicProperties
Has Domain:all
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the record. Meant to provide a mechanism for structured content such as key-value pairs.
Comment:Examples: "tragusLengthInMeters=0.014; weightInGrams=120", "heightInMeters=1.5", "natureOfID=expert identification; identificationEvidence=cytochrome B sequence", "relativeHumidity=28; airTemperatureInC=22; sampleSizeInKilograms=10", "aspectHeading=277; slopeInDegrees=6", "iucnStatus=vulnerable; taxonDistribution=Neuquen, Argentina". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/RecordLevelTerms
Details:dynamicProperties
Term Name: datasetID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Dataset
Definition:An identifier for the data set. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a collection or institution.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Dataset
Details:datasetID
Term Name: occurrenceID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A unique identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the occurrenceID globally unique.
Comment:For a specimen, for example, use the form: "urn:catalog:[institutionCode]:[collectionCode]:[catalogNumber]. Examples: 1) "urn:lsid:nhm.ku.edu:Herps:32", 2) "urn:catalog:FMNH:Mammal:145732". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:occurrenceID
Term Name: institutionCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCode
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The name (or acronym) in use by the institution administering the collection or data set in which the Occurrence is recorded.
Comment:Examples: "MVZ", "FMNH", "AKN-CLO". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:institutionCode
Term Name: collectionCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCode
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The name (or acronym) identifying the collection or data set of which the Occurrence is a part.
Comment:Examples: "Mammals", "Hildebrandt", "eBird". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:collectionCode
Term Name: collectionID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A unique identifier for the collection or dataset of which the Occurrence is a part. Recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/).
Comment:Example: "urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34818". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:collectionID
Term Name: catalogNumber
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumber
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:An identifier (preferably unique) for the Occurrence within the data set or collection.
Comment:Examples: "2008.1334", "145732a", "145732". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:catalogNumber
Term Name: occurrenceDetails
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceDetails
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A reference (publication, URI) to the most detailed information available about the Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "http://mvzarctos.berkeley.edu/guid/MVZ:Mamm:165861". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:occurrenceDetails
Term Name: occurrenceRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:Comments or notes about the Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "found dead on road". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:occurrenceRemarks
Term Name: recordNumber
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordNumber
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:An identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number.
Comment:Example: "OPP 7101". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:recordNumber
Term Name: recordedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedBy
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first.
Comment:Example: "Oliver P. Pearson; Anita K. Pearson" where the value in recordNumber "OPP 7101" corresponds to the number for the specimen in the field catalog (collector number) of Oliver P. Pearson. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:recordedBy
Term Name: individualID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:An identifier for an individual or named group of individual organisms represented in the Occurrence. Meant to accommodate resampling of the same individual or group for monitoring purposes. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a data set.
Comment:Examples: "U.amer. 44", "Smedley", "Orca J 23". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:individualID
Term Name: individualCount
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCount
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.
Comment:Examples: "1", "25". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:individualCount
Term Name: sex
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "female", "hermaphrodite", "8 males, 4 females". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:sex
Term Name: lifeStage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "egg", "eft", "juvenile", "adult", "2 adults 4 juveniles". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:lifeStage
Term Name: reproductiveCondition
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/reproductiveCondition
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples" "non-reproductive", "pregnant". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:reproductiveCondition
Term Name: behavior
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/behavior
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A description of the behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "roosting", "foraging", "running", "blooming". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:behavior
Term Name: establishmentMeans
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeans
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The process by which the the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "cultivated", "invasive", "escaped from captivity", "wild", "native". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:establishmentMeans
Term Name: preparations
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.
Comment:Examples: "skin; skull; skeleton", "whole animal (ETOH), tissue (EDTA)", "fossil", "cast", "photograph", "DNA extract". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:preparations
Term Name: disposition
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/disposition
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:The current state of a specimen with respect to the collection identified in collectionCode or collectionID. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "in collection", "missing", "voucher elsewhere", "duplicates elsewhere". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:disposition
Term Name: otherCatalogNumbers
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/otherCatalogNumbers
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of previous or alternate fully qualified catalog numbers or other human-used identifiers for the same Occurrence, whether in the current or any other data set or collection.
Comment:Example: "FMNH:Mammal:1234". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:otherCatalogNumbers
Term Name: previousIdentifications
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/previousIdentifications
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of previous assignments of names to the Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "Anthus sp., field ID by G. Iglesias; Anthus correndera, expert ID by C. Cicero 2009-02-12 based on morphology". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:previousIdentifications
Term Name: associatedMedia
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMedia
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "http://arctos.database.museum/SpecimenImages/UAMObs/Mamm/2/P7291179.JPG". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:associatedMedia
Term Name: associatedReferences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedReferences
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, bibliographic reference, global unique identifier, URI) of literature associated with the Occurrence.
Comment:Examples: "http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/322/5899/261", "Christopher J. Conroy, Jennifer L. Neuwald. 2008. Phylogeographic study of the California vole, Microtus californicus Journal of Mammalogy, 89(3):755-767. ". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:associatedReferences
Term Name: associatedOccurrences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOccurrences
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other occurrences and their associations to this Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "sibling of FMNH:Mammal:1234; sibling of FMNH:Mammal:1235". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:associatedOccurrences
Term Name: associatedSequences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedSequences
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of genetic sequence information associated with the Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "GenBank: U34853.1". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:associatedSequences
Term Name: associatedTaxa
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedTaxa
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers or names of taxa and their associations with the Occurrence.
Comment:Example: "host: Quercus alba". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Occurrence
Details:associatedTaxa
Term Name: eventID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:An identifier for the set of information associated with an Event (something that occurs at a place and time). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:eventID
Term Name: samplingProtocol
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.
Comment:Examples: "UV light trap", "mist net", "bottom trawl", "ad hoc observation", "point count". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:samplingProtocol
Term Name: verbatimEventDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimEventDate
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The verbatim original representation of the date and time information for the Event.
Comment:Examples: "spring 1910", "Marzo 2002", "1999-03-XX", "17IV1934". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:verbatimEventDate
Term Name: eventDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:eventDate
Term Name: eventTime
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The time or interval during which an Event occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "14:07-0600" is 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "08:40:21Z" is 8:40:21am UTC, "13:00:00Z/15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1pm UTC and 3:30pm UTC. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:eventTime
Term Name: startDayOfYear
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/startDayOfYear
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The earliest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
Comment:Examples: "1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:startDayOfYear
Term Name: endDayOfYear
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/endDayOfYear
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The latest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).
Comment:Examples: "1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:endDayOfYear
Term Name: year
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/year
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The four-digit year in which the Event occurred, according to the Common Era Calendar.
Comment:Example: "2008". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:year
Term Name: month
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/month
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The ordinal month in which the Event occurred.
Comment:Examples: "1" (=January), "10" (=October). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:month
Term Name: day
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/day
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:The two-digit day of the month on which the Event occurred.
Comment:Example: "9", "28". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:day
Term Name: habitat
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
Comment:Example: "oak savanna", "pre-cordilleran steppe". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:habitat
Term Name: fieldNumber
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumber
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:An identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
Comment:Example: "RV Sol 87-03-08". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:fieldNumber
Term Name: fieldNotes
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
Comment:Example: "notes available in Grinnell-Miller Library". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:fieldNotes
Term Name: eventRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarks
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
Definition:Comments or notes about the Event.
Comment:Example: "after the recent rains the river is nearly at flood stage". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Event
Details:eventRemarks
Term Name: locationID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationID
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:An identifier for the set of location information (data having dcterms:Location as their domain). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:locationID
Term Name: higherGeographyID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeographyID
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A unique identifier for the geographic region within with the Location occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an persistent identifier from a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Example: "TGN: 1002002" for Prov. Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:higherGeographyID
Term Name: higherGeography
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeography
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of geographic names less specific than the information captured in the locality term.
Comment:Example: "South America; Argentina; Patagonia; Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi; Neuquén; Los Lagos" with accompanying values "South America" in Continent, "Argentina" in Country, "Neuquén" in StateProvince, and Los Lagos in County. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:higherGeography
Term Name: continent
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/continent
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the continent in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names or the ISO 3166 Continent code.
Comment:Example: "Antarctica". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:continent
Term Name: waterBody
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/waterBody
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the water body in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Example: "Indian Ocean", "Baltic Sea". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:waterBody
Term Name: islandGroup
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/islandGroup
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the island group in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Example: "Alexander Archipelago". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:islandGroup
Term Name: island
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/island
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the island on or near which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Example: "Isla Victoria". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:island
Term Name: country
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/country
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the country or major political unit in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.
Comment:Examples: "Denmark", "Colombia", "España". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:country
Term Name: countryCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countryCode
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The standard code for the country in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to used ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 country code.
Comment:Examples: "ARG" for Argentina, "SLV" for El Salvador. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:countryCode
Term Name: stateProvince
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/stateProvince
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name of the next smaller political region than country (state, province, canton, department, region, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
Comment:Examples: "Montana", "Minas Gerais", "Córdoba". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:stateProvince
Term Name: county
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/county
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller political region than StateProvince (county, shire, department, etc.) in which the Location occurs.
Comment:Examples: "Missoula", "Los Lagos", "Mataró". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:county
Term Name: locality
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description.
Comment:Example: "Bariloche, 25 km NNE via Ruta Nacional 40 (=Ruta 237)". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:locality
Term Name: verbatimLocality
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLocality
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The original textual description of the place.
Comment:Example: "25 km NNE Bariloche por R. Nac. 237". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimLocality
Term Name: verbatimElevation
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.
Comment:Example: "100-200 m". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimElevation
Term Name: minimumElevationInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumElevationInMeters
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The lower limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
Comment:Example: "100". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:minimumElevationInMeters
Term Name: maximumElevationInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumElevationInMeters
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The upper limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.
Comment:Example: "200". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:maximumElevationInMeters
Term Name: verbatimDepth
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimDepth
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The original description of the depth below the local surface.
Comment:Example: "100-200 m". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimDepth
Term Name: minimumDepthInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDepthInMeters
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
Comment:Example: "100". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:minimumDepthInMeters
Term Name: maximumDepthInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDepthInMeters
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
Comment:Example: "200". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:maximumDepthInMeters
Term Name: minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The lesser distance in a range of distance from the nearest surface in the vertical direction (positive for above, negative for below), in meters.
Comment:Example: 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinumumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMinimum: "0", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMaximum: "-1.5". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Term Name: maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The greater distance in a range of distance from the nearest surface in the vertical direction (positive for above, negative for below), in meters.
Comment:Example: 1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinumumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMinimum: "0", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMaximum: "-1.5". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters
Term Name: locationRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationRemarks
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:Comments or notes about the Location.
Comment:Example: "under water since 2005". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:locationRemarks
Term Name: verbatimCoordinates
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinates
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The verbatim original spatial coordinates of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Comment:Example: "41 05 54S 121 05 34W". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimCoordinates
Term Name: verbatimLatitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLatitude
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The verbatim original latitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Comment:Example: "41 05 54.03S". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimLatitude
Term Name: verbatimLongitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLongitude
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The verbatim original longitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
Comment:Example: "121d 10' 34" W". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimLongitude
Term Name: verbatimCoordinateSystem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinateSystem
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The spatial coordinate system for the verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude or the verbatimCoordinates of the Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "decimal degrees", "degrees decimal minutes", "degrees minutes seconds". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimCoordinateSystem
Term Name: verbatimSRS
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimSRS
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which coordinates given in verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude, or verbatimCoordinates are based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".
Comment:Examples: "EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:verbatimSRS
Term Name: decimalLatitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
Comment:Example: "-41.0983423". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:decimalLatitude
Term Name: decimalLongitude
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
Comment:Example: "-121.1761111". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:decimalLongitude
Term Name: geodeticDatum
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geodeticDatum
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".
Comment:Examples: "EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:geodeticDatum
Term Name: coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The upper limit of the distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing a circle within which the whole of the Location is contained. Leave the value empty if the uncertainty is unknown, cannot be estimated, or is not applicable (because there are no coordinates). Zero is not a valid value for this term.
Comment:Example: "30" (reasonable lower limit of a GPS reading under good conditions if the actual precision was not recorded at the time). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters
Term Name: coordinatePrecision
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinatePrecision
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A decimal representation of the precision of the coordinates given in the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude.
Comment:Examples: "0.00001" (normal GPS limit for decimal degrees), "0.000278" (nearest second), "0.01667" (nearest minute), "1.0" (nearest degree). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:coordinatePrecision
Term Name: pointRadiusSpatialFit
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/pointRadiusSpatialFit
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ratio of the area of the point-radius (decimalLatitude, decimalLongitude, coordinateUncertaintyInMeters) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given point-radius does not completely contain the original representation. The pointRadiusSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point without uncertainty and the given georeference is not that same point (without uncertainty). If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the pointRadiusSpatialFit is 1.
Comment:Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006 (http://www.gbif.org/prog/digit/Georeferencing). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:pointRadiusSpatialFit
Term Name: footprintWKT
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintWKT
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the the shape (footprint, geometry) that defines the Location. A Location may have both a point-radius representation (see decimalLatitude) and a footprint representation, and they may differ from each other.
Comment:Example: the one-degree bounding box with opposite corners at (longitude=10, latitude=20) and (longitude=11, latitude=21) would be expressed in well-known text as POLYGON ((10 20, 11 20, 11 21, 10 21, 10 20)). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:footprintWKT
Term Name: footprintSRS
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSRS
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the the Spatial Reference System (SRS) for the footprintWKT of the Location. Do not use this term to describe the SRS of the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude, even if it is the same as for the footprintWKT - use the geodeticDatum instead.
Comment:Example: The WKT for the standard WGS84 SRS (EPSG:4326) is "GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]]" without the enclosing quotes. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:footprintSRS
Term Name: footprintSpatialFit
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSpatialFit
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The ratio of the area of the footprint (footprintWKT) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given footprint does not completely contain the original representation. The footprintSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point and the given georeference is not that same point. If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the footprintSpatialFit is 1.
Comment:Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006 (http://www.gbif.org/prog/digit/Georeferencing). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:footprintSpatialFit
Term Name: georeferencedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedBy
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:The name(s) of the person(s) who determined the georeference (spatial representation) for the Location.
Comment:Example: "Heather Constable, Carol Spencer". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:georeferencedBy
Term Name: georeferenceProtocol
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceProtocol
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A description or reference to the methods used to determine the spatial footprint, coordinates, and uncertainties.
Comment:Examples: "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing" (Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006), Global Biodiversity Information Facility.", "MaNIS/HerpNet/ORNIS Georeferencing Guidelines", "BioGeomancer". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:georeferenceProtocol
Term Name: georeferenceSources
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceSources
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of maps, gazetteers, or other resources used to georeference the Location, described specifically enough to allow anyone in the future to use the same resources.
Comment:Examples: "USGS 1:24000 Florence Montana Quad", "Terrametrics 2008 on Google Earth". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:georeferenceSources
Term Name: georeferenceVerificationStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceVerificationStatus
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:A categorical description of the extent to which the georeference has been verified to represent the best possible spatial description. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "requires verification", "verified by collector", "verified by curator". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:georeferenceVerificationStatus
Term Name: georeferenceRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceRemarks
Has Domain:http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
Definition:Notes or comments about the spatial description determination, explaining assumptions made in addition or opposition to the those formalized in the method referred to in georeferenceProtocol.
Comment:Example: "assumed distance by road (Hwy. 101)". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Location
Details:georeferenceRemarks
Term Name: geologicalContextID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geologicalContextID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:An identifier for the set of information associated with a GeologicalContext (the location within a geological context, such as stratigraphy). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:geologicalContextID
Term Name: earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic eon or lowest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem
Term Name: latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic eon or highest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:latestEonOrHighestEonothem
Term Name: earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic era or lowest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:earliestEraOrLowestErathem
Term Name: latestEraOrHighestErathem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEraOrHighestErathem
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic era or highest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:latestEraOrHighestErathem
Term Name: earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic period or lowest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem
Term Name: latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic period or highest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem
Term Name: earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic epoch or lowest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries
Term Name: latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic epoch or highest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:latestEpochOrHighestSeries
Term Name: earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the earliest possible geochronologic age or lowest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:earliestAgeOrLowestStage
Term Name: latestAgeOrHighestStage
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestAgeOrHighestStage
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the latest possible geochronologic age or highest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:latestAgeOrHighestStage
Term Name: lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lowest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:lowestBiostratigraphicZone
Term Name: highestBiostratigraphicZone
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/highestBiostratigraphicZone
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the highest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:highestBiostratigraphicZone
Term Name: lithostratigraphicTerms
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lithostratigraphicTerms
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The combination of all litho-stratigraphic names for the rock from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:lithostratigraphicTerms
Term Name: group
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/group
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic group from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:group
Term Name: formation
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/formation
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic formation from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:formation
Term Name: member
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/member
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic member from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:member
Term Name: bed
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/bed
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
Definition:The full name of the lithostratigraphic bed from which the cataloged item was collected.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/GeologicalContext
Details:bed
Term Name: identificationID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:An identifier for the Identification (the body of information associated with the assignment of a scientific name). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:identificationID
Term Name: identifiedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:The name(s) of the person(s) who assigned the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "James L. Patton". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:identifiedBy
Term Name: dateIdentified
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:The date on which the subject was identified as representing the taxon given in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:dateIdentified
Term Name: identificationReferences
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationReferences
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of references (publication, global unique identifier, URI) used in the Identification.
Comment:Example: "Aves del Noroeste Patagonico. Christie et al. 2004.". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:identificationReferences
Term Name: identificationRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationRemarks
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:Comments or notes about the Identification.
Comment:Example: "Distinguished between Anthus correndera and Anthus hellmayri based on the comparative lengths of the uñas.". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:identificationRemarks
Term Name: identificationQualifier
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationQualifier
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the identifier's doubts about the Identification.
Comment:Examples: 1) For the determination "Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia", IdentificationQualifier would be "aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia" with accompanying values "Quercus" in Genus, "agrifolia" in SpecificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in InfraspecificEpithet, and "var." in InfraspecificRank. 2) For the determination "Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia", IdentificationQualifier would be "cf. var. oxyadenia " with accompanying values "Quercus" in Genus, "agrifolia" in SpecificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in InfraspecificEpithet, and "var." in InfraspecificRank. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:identificationQualifier
Term Name: typeStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.
Comment:Example: "holotype of Ctenomys sociabilis. Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Identification
Details:typeStatus
Term Name: scientificNameID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A unique identifier for the scientificName.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:scientificNameID
Term Name: acceptedScientificNameID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedScientificNameID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A unique identifier for the acceptedScientificName.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:acceptedScientificNameID
Term Name: higherTaxonNameID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherTaxonNameID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A unique identifier for the name that is the parent of the scientificName.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:higherTaxonNameID
Term Name: basionymID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basionymID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A unique identifier for the basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:basionymID
Term Name: scientificName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The taxon name (with date and authorship information if applicable). When forming part of and Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.
Comment:Examples: "Coleoptera" (order), "Vespertilionidae" (family), "Manis" (genus), "Ctenomys sociabilis" (genus + specificEpithet), "Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli" (genus + specificEpithet + infraspecificEpithet), "Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell" (genus + specificEpithet + taxonRank + infraspecificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship). For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:scientificName
Term Name: acceptedScientificName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedScientificName
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "Tamias minimus" valid name for "Eutamias minimus". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:acceptedScientificName
Term Name: higherTaxonName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherTaxonName
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A list (concatenated and separated) of the names for the taxonomic ranks less specific than that given in the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "Animalia; Chordata; Vertebrata; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; Rodentia; Hystricognatha; Hystricognathi; Ctenomyidae; Ctenomyini; Ctenomys". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:higherTaxonName
Term Name: basionym
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basionym
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "Pinus abies". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:basionym
Term Name: kingdom
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the kingdom in which the scientificName is classified.
Comment:Example: "Animalia". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:kingdom
Term Name: phylum
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the phlyum (or division) in which the scientificName is classified.
Comment:Example: "Chordata". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:phylum
Term Name: class
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the class in which the scientificName is classified.
Comment:Example: "Mammalia". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:class
Term Name: order
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the order in which the scientificName is classified.
Comment:Example: "Rodentia". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:order
Term Name: family
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the family in which the scientificName is classified.
Comment:Example: "Ctenomyidae". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:family
Term Name: genus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the genus in which the scientificName is classified.
Comment:Example: "Quercus". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:genus
Term Name: subgenus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/subgenus
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the subgenus in which the scientificName is classified.
Comment:Example: "Strobus" subgenus of Pinus. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:subgenus
Term Name: specificEpithet
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the first or species epithet of the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "agrifolia". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:specificEpithet
Term Name: infraspecificEpithet
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/infraspecificEpithet
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The name of the second or subspecies epithet of the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "oxyadenia". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:infraspecificEpithet
Term Name: scientificNameRank
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameRank
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "subsp.", "var.", "forma", "species", "genus". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:scientificNameRank
Term Name: verbatimScientificNameRank
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimScientificNameRank
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record.
Comment:Examples: "Agamospecies", "sub-lesus", "prole", "apomict", "nothogrex". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:verbatimScientificNameRank
Term Name: scientificNameAuthorship
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
Comment:Example: "(Torr.) J.T. Howell". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:scientificNameAuthorship
Term Name: nomenclaturalCode
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalCode
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The nomenclatural code under which the scientificName is constructed. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "ICBN", "ICZN", "BC", "ICNCP", "BioCode". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:nomenclaturalCode
Term Name: namePublicationID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublicationID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A unique identifier for the first valid publication of the scientificName.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:namePublicationID
Term Name: namePublishedIn
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedIn
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A full literature reference to the first valid publication of the scientificName.
Comment:Example: "Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:namePublishedIn
Term Name: taxonomicStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Example: "invalid", "misapplied", "homotypic synonym", "accepted". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:taxonomicStatus
Term Name: nomenclaturalStatus
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalStatus
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:The status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion.
Comment:Examples: "nom. ambig.", "nom. illeg.", "nom. subnud.". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:nomenclaturalStatus
Term Name: taxonConceptID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonConceptID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A unique identifier for the taxon concept (a circumscription of a taxonName).
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:taxonConceptID
Term Name: taxonAccordingTo
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonAccordingTo
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:Information about the authorship of this taxon concept which uses the scientificName in their sense (secundum, sensu). Could be a publication (identification key), institution or team of individuals.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:taxonAccordingTo
Term Name: taxonRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:Comments or notes about the taxon.
Comment:Example: "this name is a misspelling in common use". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:taxonRemarks
Term Name: vernacularName
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
Definition:A common or vernacular name.
Comment:Example: "Andean Condor". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/Taxon
Details:vernacularName
Term Name: resourceRelationshipID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceRelationshipID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:An identifier for an instance of relationship between one resource (the subject) and another (relatedResource, the object).
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:resourceRelationshipID
Term Name: resourceID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:A unique identifier for the resource that is the subject of the relationship.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:resourceID
Term Name: relatedResourceID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relatedResourceID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:A unique identifier for a related resource (the object, rather than the subject of the relationship).
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:relatedResourceID
Term Name: relationshipOfResource
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipOfResource
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:The relationship of the resource identified by relatedResourceID to the subject (optionally identified by the resourceID). Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "duplicate of", "mother of", "endoparasite of", "host to", "sibling of", "valid synonym of", "located within". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:relationshipOfResource
Term Name: relationshipAccordingTo
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipAccordingTo
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:The source (person, organization, publication, reference) establishing the relationship between the two resources.
Comment:Example: "Julie Woodruff". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:relationshipAccordingTo
Term Name: relationshipEstablishedDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipEstablishedDate
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:The date-time on which the relationship between the two resources was established.
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:relationshipEstablishedDate
Term Name: relationshipRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipRemarks
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship
Definition:Comments or notes about the relationship between the two resources.
Comment:Examples: "mother and offspring collected from the same nest", "pollinator captured in the act". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/ResourceRelationship
Details:relationshipRemarks
Term Name: measurementID
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementID
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:An identifier for the MeasurementOrFact (information pertaining to measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.
Comment: For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementID
Term Name: measurementType
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementType
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The nature of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
Comment:Examples: "tail length", "temperature", "trap line length", "survey area", "trap type". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementType
Term Name: measurementValue
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementValue
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The value of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Comment:Examples: "45", "20", "1", "14.5", "UV-light". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementValue
Term Name: measurementAccuracy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementAccuracy
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The description of the potential error associated with the measurementValue.
Comment:Examples: "0.01", "normal distribution with variation of 2 m". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementAccuracy
Term Name: measurementUnit
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementUnit
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The units associated with the measurementValue. Recommended best practice is to use the International System of Units (SI).
Comment:Examples: "mm", "C", "km", "ha". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementUnit
Term Name: measurementDeterminedDate
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedDate
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The date on which the the MeasurementOrFact was made. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
Comment:Examples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementDeterminedDate
Term Name: measurementDeterminedBy
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedBy
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:The agent responsible for having determined the value of the MeasurementOrFact.
Comment:Example: "Javier de la Torre". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementDeterminedBy
Term Name: measurementMethod
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementMethod
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:A description of or reference to (publication, URI) the method or protocol used to determine the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
Comment:Examples: "minimum convex polygon around burrow entrances" for a home range area, "barometric altimeter" for an elevation. For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementMethod
Term Name: measurementRemarks
Identifier:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementRemarks
Has Domain:http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact
Definition:Comments or notes accompanying the MeasurementOrFact.
Comment:Example: "tip of tail missing". For discussion see http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/wiki/MeasurementOrFact
Details:measurementRemarks

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